Crafting and writing arguments make up a considerable part of what you will do in academic writing. After all, arguing a cause is the best way to get training in scrounging up evidence and reasoning your way to a conclusion with those findings. The mechanisms of your paragraphs can be fixed by an academic writing software. Not so with your arguments. But in academic writing, arguments are normally used to accomplish the following:
1. To support an idea or position that you believe has merit. In these types of writing, you state your view on a topic to start and spend the reminder of the piece supporting that position using fact-supported, logically-constructed arguments.
2. To change readers' views. Strong arguments do more than solidify your position. If done convincingly well, you can use them to disarm a reader's defenses and, in cases, eventually sway their thoughts on the matter.
3. To spur readers into action. Want the reader to take a particular course of action? While probably more common in sales writing than the academy, being able to persuasively lead the reader with words is a valuable skill that can serve you through many practitioners.
4. To show someone the problems behind an idea or position. Rather than push a position forward, you may simply want to show why a claim is not worthy by arguing against it. Instead of crafting supporting statements that bolster one, you go the other way around: finding known arguments for a position and breaking them down.